The Research on Research Integrity (RRI) Program was started by ORI in 2001 in collaboration with the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS). Since then, the several NIH institutes have participated in the program including the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR), the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Cancer Institute (NCI), the National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI), the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), National Library of Medicine (NLM), Fogarty International Center (FIC), and the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) along with the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
The purpose of the grant program is to foster empirical research on societal, organizational, group, and individual factors that affect, both positively and negatively, integrity in research. Integrity is defined as the use of honest and verifiable methods in proposing, performing, and evaluating research and reporting research results with particular attention to adherence to rules, regulations, guidelines, and commonly accepted professional codes or norms. Proposals must have clear relevance to biomedical, behavioral health science, and health services research. Applicants are strongly encouraged to take into consideration problem or issues that are relevant to the missions of DHHS, NIH, NIEHS, or specific NIH institutes and programs.
In 2012, the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Health conferred granting authority to ORI. This administrative change allowed ORI to promote greater emphasis on research on responsible conduct of research issues such as evaluating RCR training efforts and explorations on why researchers commit research misconduct.