Administrators and the Responsible Conduct of Research
Collaborative Research:
Types of Collaborations

Types of Collaborations

The term "collaboration" in academic research is usually thought to mean an equal partnership between two academic faculty members who are pursuing mutually interesting and beneficial research. Today, however, many collaborations involve researchers of differing stature, funding status, and types of organizations. Even if the two principal collaborators are similarly powerful, a collaboration frequently involves several other people from the research groups of the PIs, including post-doctoral fellows, research staff members, graduate students, and/or undergraduate students. Are these research group members aware of the agreements reached by the PIs? Do they understand the provisions of these agreements? Do the agreements protect the interests of the research group members; for instance do they protect the interests of graduate students in completing their dissertations and publishing their results? Administrative staff my want to raise these questions as they work with researchers to set up the subawards, collaborative agreements, or other types of agreements intended to formalize the collaboration.

Some examples of the variations in collaborations that can occur:

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