The ethical conduct of research is also measured by the degree to which the information collected is accurate and precise. Information should be recorded and documented carefully according to the research design so that the potential for error is reduced. Documentation is the act of recording, summarizing and/or coding information for future use.
Documentation must be accurate so that the records of research activity represent what actually occurred during testing/participation. Accurate documentation also allows others to more easily detect any errors that may be included in the information collected. If information is recorded inaccurately, the results of the study may not be useful.
Documentation should be completed as the research occurs, not at a later time. Information is likely to be more accurate when recorded as soon as possible rather than recalling information from memory which can be mistaken.
Case example of documentation