There is one thing even more vital to science than intelligent methods; and that is, the sincere desire to find out the truth, whatever it may be. Charles Sanders Pierce

Of all the traits which qualify a scientist for citizenship in the republic of science, I would put a sense of responsibility as a scientist at the very top. A scientist can be brilliant, imaginative, clever with his hands, profound, broad, narrow but he is not much as a scientist unless he is responsible. Alvin Weinberg
Chapter 6: Moving On Up

     Lance had discovered another particularly useful professional activity that speeded his work. During his graduate and post-doctoral work, his mentors had asked for his help reviewing manuscripts. He had reviewed articles written by some of the top scientists, which had been submitted to some of the top journals. As a faculty member, he continued this professional contribution to the field. However, he struggled with the reviews of research that seemed to foreshadow his own research. Working in such a quickly evolving field as his, it often happened that another researcher, usually at a more well-equipped lab with more resources at a more prestigious institution, would submit a manuscript just a few months before he planned to submit a very similar finding. The world of on-line publishing and posting of research results only increased the need for speed in his work. As he shared the manuscripts he was asked to review with his own graduate students, some of the ideas and research from the most forward thinking scientists began to appear in the research and writing coming from his own lab. It seemed a fair compromise in return for his contribution as a reviewer.

     With so many grant proposals now funded, Lance knew the project, personnel, and budget management of the grants was beyond the scope of his individual time and energy. So Lance hired a grants administrator for his projects. What a welcome relief from oversight, signing off on the burdensome volume of reports, and hiring and supervising staff. Now with so many volunteer undergraduates and funded graduate students and post-docs on his projects, Lance rarely did any of the research himself, a position he gratefully embraced. He submitted new proposals, relied on efforts of others to oversee the research and budget in his lab, and prepared for his own day in the Stockholm sun.

Research Ethics
Chapter 6: Moving On Up
Discussion and Reflection Questions
Integration Questions
References and Resources

This chapter addresses peer review, including confidentiality and avoiding personal bias and conflict of interest. Upon your completion of this chapter, we hope that you will be able to identify the elements of responsible peer review of manuscripts and grant proposal. We also want you to learn about the problems and consequences of unethical decision making in peer review.

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