The only ethical principle which has made science possible is that the truth shall be told all the time. If we do not penalize false statements made in error, we open up the way, donít you see, for false statements by intention. And of course, a false statement of fact, made deliberately, is the most serious crime a scientist can commit. Ė C.P. Snow
Chapter 5: References and Resources
  Racker, E. (1997). A view of misconduct in science. In D. Elliott & J. Stern (Eds.), Research ethics: A reader (pp. 34-42). Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.

Rhoades, L. (2002). Beyond conflict of interest: The responsible conduct of research. Science and Engineering Ethics, 8, 459-468.

Rossner, M., & Yamada, K. (2004). Whatís in a picture? The temptation of image manipulation. Journal of Cell Biology, 166(1), 11-15.

Scientist quits after claims he faked data. (2003, June 14). The New York Times, p. A13.

Steneck, N. (n.d.). Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research. Office of Research Integrity, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from

Steneck, N. (1999). Confronting misconduct in science in the 1980s and 1990s: What has and has not been accomplished. Science and Engineering Ethics, 5, 161-176.

Research Ethics
Chapter 5: The Impossible Dream
Discussion and Reflection Questions
Integration Questions
References and Resources

This chapter addresses research misconduct. Upon completion of this chapter, we hope that you can define and identify research misconduct, including fabricating and falsifying data, plagiarism, and abuses of confidentiality. We also hope you learn about institutional and federal consequences for research conduct.

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