Truth is the beginning of every good thing... and he who would be blessed and happy should be from the first a partaker of the truth, for then he can be trusted. Plato

It seems paradoxical that scientific research, in many ways one of the most questioning and skeptical of human activities, should be dependent on personal trust. But the fact is that without trust the research enterprise could not function. Arnold Relman
Chapter 4: Integration Questions
3. Who determines penalties for research violations? What is the range of possible penalties?
  Click here and read about institutional and federal penalties for research misconduct.
Click here and read about the 2005 case of a senior researcher and professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of Vermont College of Medicine .
Click here and read about a former Harvard assistant professor of psychology who was penalized.
Click here and read about a 2004 finding against a Northwestern University graduate student.
Research Ethics
Chapter 4: The Devil is in the Details
Discussion and Reflection Questions
Integration Questions
References and Resources

This chapter addresses research with human subjects, including risks, protections, and policies governing responsible research conduct. Research with animals is also discussed. Upon completion of this chapter we hope that you can identify the ethical issues and complexities in research with humans and animals. We want you to learn about the rules, guidelines, and behaviors associated with responsible research.

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