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This section addresses animals regulated under the AWA and housed in an agricultural-style setting for use in biomedical research. By contrast, the AWA excludes the use of farm animals, e.g., sheep, goats, swine, cattle and horses, that are raised for food or fiber as well as their use in food or fiber (agricultural) research; inspection of these facilities is beyond the scope of this training.

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Although excluded from the AWA, agricultural research must involve some method of oversight of animal facilities, which ensures that standards are met as set forth in the Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching, FASS, 1999.

The distinction between biomedical and agricultural research can pose challenges for some institutions. For more information see:

• ILAR Journal, 44(3), 2003, see Agricultural (Nonbiomedical) Animal Research Outside the Laboratory: A Review of Guidelines for Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees.

Guide for the Care and Use of Agricultural Animals in Agricultural Research and Teaching, FASS, 1999.

• USDA, APHIS, Animal Care Resource Guide, Regulation of Agricultural Animals, Policy 26, 1998.  

• ILAR Journal V36(2),1994, see Integrating Agricultural and Biomedical Research Policies: Conflicts and Opportunities.

• AAALAC Position Statement, Farm Animals.

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